Five Basic Food Groups

The Five Basic Food Groups

The key to healthy eating is to enjoy a variety of nutritious foods from each of the five food groups. The Australian Healthy Eating Guide offers the five food groups on a plate, the percentage you should eat all day long. If you eat a variety of foods from each group, your body will get all the nutrients and vitamins it needs.

The five food groups are:

Dairy and/or substitutes:

Foods in this group are excellent sources of calcium, which is essential for strong and healthy bones. Many other foods in our diet do not contain as much calcium as these foods.

Fruit:

Fruit provides vitamins, minerals, dietary fiber and many plant nutrients (naturally occurring nutrients in plants), which help the body stay healthy.

Grain foods (cereals):

Always choose whole grains and/or high fiber types of bread, cereals, rice, pasta, noodles, etc. Refined cereal products (such as cakes or biscuits) can be high in added sugar, fat and sodium.

Meat, poultry, fish, eggs, tofu, nuts, seeds, legumes & beans:

Our bodies use the protein we eat to make specialized chemicals such as hemoglobin and adrenaline. Protein also builds, maintains, and repairs tissues in our bodies. The muscles and organs (like your heart) consist of the protein in the first place.

Vegetables and Legumes / Beans:

Vegetables should make up a large portion of your daily intake and should be encouraged at every meal (including snack times). They provide vitamins, minerals, dietary fiber and plant nutrients (naturally occurring nutrients in plants) to help the body stay healthy.

The key to healthy eating is to enjoy a variety of nutritious foods from each of the five food groups. The Australian Healthy Eating Guide offers the five food groups on a plate, the percentage you should eat all day long. If you eat a variety of foods from each group, your body will get all the nutrients and vitamins it needs.

Leave a Reply